Marie curie – life and work


 

Marie curie is probably the most famous women scientist who has ever lived. Born Maria Sklodowska in Poland in 1867, she is famous for her work on radioactivity and was twice a winner of the Nobel Prize. With her husband, Pierre curie, and Henry Becquerel, she was awarded the 1903 Nobel Prize for physics, and was then sole winner of the 1911 Nobel prize for chemistry. She was the first women to win a Nobel Prize.

From childhood, Marie was remarkable for her prodigious memory, and at the age of 16 won a gold medal on completion of her secondary education because her father lost his savings through bad investment, she then had to take work as a teacher. From her earnings she was able to finance her sister Bronia’s medical studies in Paris, on the understanding that Bronia would in turn later help her to get an education.

In 1891 this promise was fulfilled and Marie went to Paris and began to study at the Sorbonne(the university of Paris) she often worked far into the night and lived on little more than bread and butter and tea. She came first in the examination in the physical science in 1893, and 1894 was placed second in the examination in mathematical science. It was not until the spring of that year that was introduced to Pierre curie.

Their marriage in 1895 marked the start of a partnership that was soon to achieve of world significance. Following Henry Becquerel’s discovery in 1896 of a new phenomenon, which Marie later called radioactivity’. Marie curie decided to find out if the radioactivity discovered in uranium was to found in other elements, she discovered that this was true for thorium.

Turning her attention to minerals, she found her interest drawn to pitchblende, a mineral whose radioactivity, superior to that of pure uranium, could be explained only by the presence in the ore of small quantities of an unknown substance of very high activity. Pierre curie joined her in the work that she had undertaken to resolve this problem, and that led to the discovery of the new elements, polonium and radium. While Pierre curie devoted him chiefly to the physical study of the new radiation, Marie curie struggled to obtain pure radium in the metallic state. This was achieved with the help of the chemist Andre-Louis Debierne, one of the Pierre curie’s pupils. Based on the results of this research, Marie curie received her doctorate of science, and in 1903 Marie and Pierre shared with Becquerel the Nobel Prize for physics for the discovery of radioactivity.

The births of Marie’s two daughters, Irene and Eve in 1897 and 1904 failed to interrupt her scientist work. She was appointed lecturer in physics at the Ecole Normale Superieure for girls in Sevres, France (1900) and introduced a method of teaching based on experimental demonstrations. In December 1904 she was appointed chief assistant in the laboratory directed by Pierre curie.

The sudden death of her husband in 1906 was a bitter blow to Marie curie, but was also a turning point in her carrier: henceforth she was to devote all her energy to completing alone the scientific work that they had undertaken. On may 13.1906, she was appointed to the professorship that had been left vacant on her husband’s death becoming the first women to teach at the Sorbonne. In 1911 she was awarded the Nobel Prize for chemistry for the isolation of a pure form of radium.

During World War I, Marie curie with the help of her daughter Irene devoted herself to the development of the use of x-radiography, including the mobile units which came to be known as little curies used for the treatment of wounded soldier. In 1981 the radium institute whose staff Irene had joined, began to operate in earnest and became a centre for nuclear physics and chemistry. Marie curie now at the highest point of her fame and from 1922 a member of the academy of medicine, researched the chemistry of radioactive substance and their medical applications.

In 1921, accompanied by her two daughters, Marie Curie made a triumphant journey to the United States to raise funds for research on radium. Women there presented her with a gram of radium for her campaign. Marie also gave lectures in Belgium, Brazil, Spain, and Czechoslovakia and addition had the satisfaction of seeing the development of the curie foundation in Paris, and the inauguration in 1932 in Warsaw of the radium institute, where her sister Bronia became director.

One of Marie curie’s outstanding achievements was to have understood the need to accumulate intense radioactive sources, not only to treat illness but also to maintain an abundant supply for research. The existence in Paris at the radium institute of a stock of 1.5 grams of radium made a decisive contribution to the way for the discovery of the neutron by  sir James Chadwick and , above all for the discovery in 1934 by Irene and Frederic Joliot-curie of artificial radioactivity. A few months after this discovery, Marie curie died as a result of leukaemia caused by exposure to radiation. She had often carried test tubes containing radioactive isotopes in her pocket, remarking on the pretty blue-green light they gave off.

Her contribution to physics had been immense, not only in her own work, the importance of which had been demonstrated by her two Nobel prizes, but because of her influence on subsequent generations of nuclear physicists and chemists.

B R A I N – scientist reveals how to think differently


 

In the last decade a revolution has occurred in the way that scientists think about the brain. We now know that the decisions humans make can be traced to the firing patterns of neurons in specific parts of the brain. These discoveries have led to the field known as neuroeconomics, which studies the brains secrets to success in an economic environment that demands innovation and being able to do things differently from competitors. A brain that can do this is an iconoclastic one. Briefly, an iconoclast is a person who does something that others say can’t be done.

This definition implies that iconoclasts are different from other people, but more precisely, it is their brains that are different in three distinct ways: perception, fear response, and social intelligence. Each of these tree functions utilizes a different circuit in the brain. Naysayers might suggest that the brain is irrelevant, that thinking in an original, even revolutionary, way is more a matter of personality than brain function. But the field of neuroeconomics was born out of the realization that the physical workings of the brain place limitations on the way we make decisions. By understanding these constraints, we begin to understand why some people march to a different drumbeat. The first thing to realize is that the brain suffers from limited resources. It has a fixed energy budget, about the same as a 40 watt light bulb, so it has evolved to work as efficiently as possible. This is where most people are impended from being an iconoclast. For example, when confronted with information streaming from the eyes, the brain will interpret this information in the quickest way possible. Thus it will draw on both past experience and any other source of information, such as what other people say, to make sense of what it is seeing. This happens all the time. The brain takes shortcuts that work so well we are hardly ever aware of them. We think our perceptions of the world are real, but they are only biological and electrical rumblings, perception is not simply a product of what your eyes or ears transmit to your brain. More than the physical reality of photons or sound waves, perception is a product of the brain.

Perception is central to iconoclasm. Iconoclasts see things differently to other people. Their brains do not fall into efficiency pitfalls as much as the average person’s brain. Iconoclasts, either because they were born that way or through learning, have found ways to work around the perceptual shortcuts that plague most people. Perception is not something that is hardwired into the brain. It is a learned process, which is both a curse and an opportunity for change. The brain faces the fundamental problem of interpreting physical stimuli from the senses. Everything the brain sees, hears, or touches has multiple interpretations. The one that is ultimately chosen is simply the brain’s best theory. In technical terms, these conjectures have their basis in the statistical likelihood of one interpretation over another and are heavily influenced by past experience and, importantly for potential iconoclasts, what other people say. The best way to see things differently to other people is to bombard the brain with things it has never encountered before. Novelty releases the perceptual process from the chain of the past experience and force the brain to make new judgements. Successful iconoclasts have an extra ordinary willingness to be exposed to what is fresh and different. Observation of iconoclasts shows that they embrace novelty while most people avoid things that are different.

The problem with novelty, however, is that it tends to trigger the brain’s fear system. Fear is a major impediment to thinking like an iconoclast and stops the average person in his tracks. There are many types of fear, but the two that inhibit iconoclastic thinking and people generally find difficult to deal with are fear of uncertainty and fear of public ridicule. These may seem like trivial phobias. But fear of public speaking, which everyone must do from time to time, afflicts one-third of the population. This makes it too common to be considered a mental disorder. It is simply a common variant of human nature, one which iconoclasts do not let inhibit their reactions. Finally, to be successful iconoclasts, individuals must sell their ideas to other people. This is where social intelligence is the ability to understand and manage people in a business setting. In the last decade there has been an explosion of knowledge about the social brain and how the brain works when groups coordinate decision making. Neuroscience has revealed which brain circuits are responsible for functions like understanding what other people think, empathy, fairness, and social identity. These brain regions play key roles in whether people convince others of their ideas. Perception is important in social cognition too. The perception of someone’s enthusiasm, or reputation, can make or break a deal. Understanding how perception becomes intertwined with social decision making shows why successful iconoclasts are so rare.

Iconoclast create new opportunities in every area from artistic expression to technology to business. They supply creativity and innovation not easily accomplished by committees. Rules aren’t important to them. Iconoclasts face alienation and failure, but can also be a major asset to any organization. It is crucial for success in any field to understand how the iconoclastic mind works.

UFO – The search for extra-terrestrial Intelligence


 

The question of whether we are alone in the universe has haunted humanity for centuries, but we may now stand poised on the brick of the answer to that question, as we search for radio signals from other intelligent civilisations. This search, often known by the acronym SETI (search for extra terrestrial intelligence), is a difficult one. Although groups around the world have been searching intermittently for three decades, it is only now that we have reached the level of technology where we can make a determined attempt to search all nearby stars for any sign of life.

The primary reason for the search is basic curiosity – the same curiosity about the natural world that derives all pure science. We want to know whether we are alone in the Universe. We want to know whether life evolves naturally if given the right conditions, or whether there is something very special about the Earth to have fostered the variety of life forms that we see around us on the planet. The simple detection of a radio signal will be sufficient to answer this most basic of all questions. In this sense, SETI is another cog in the machinery of pure science which is continually pushing out the horizon of our knowledge. However, there are other reasons for being interested in whether life exists elsewhere. For example, we have had civilisation on earth for perhaps only a few thousand years, and the threats of nuclear war and pollution over the last few decades have told us that our survival may be tenuous. Will we last another two thousand years or will we wipe ourselves out ? since the lifetime of a planet like ours is several billion years, we can expect that, if other civilizations do survive in our galaxy, their ages will range from zero to several billion years. This any other civilization that we hear from is likely to be far older, on average than ourselves. The mere existence of such a civilization will tell us that long term survival is possible and gives us some cause for optimism. It is even possible that the older civilization may pass on the benefits of their experience in dealing with threats to survival such as nuclear war and global pollution and other threats that we have not yet discovered.

 In discussing whether we are alone, most SETI scientists adopt two ground rules. First, UFO’s (unidentified flying objects) are generally ignored since most scientists don’t consider the evidence for them to be strong enough to bear serious consideration (although it is also important to keep an open mind in case any really convincing evidence emerges in the future). Second, we make a very conservative assumption that we are looking for a life form that is pretty well like us. Since if it differs radically from us we may well not recognise it as a life form, quite apart from whether we are able to communicate with it. In other words, the life form we are looking for may well have two green heads and seven fingers, but it will nevertheless resemble us in that it should communicate with its fellows, be interested in the universe, live on a planet orbiting a star like our Sun, and perhaps most restrictively, have a chemistry, like us, based on carbon and water.

Even when we make these assumptions, our understanding of other life forms is still severely limited. We do not, even know, for example, how many stars have planets, and we certainly do not know how likely it is that life will arise naturally, given the right conditions. However, whenever we look at the 100 billion stars in our galaxy (the milky way), and 100 billion galaxies in the observable universe, it seems inconceivable that at least one of these planets does not have a life form on it; in fact, the best educated guess we can make, using the little that we know about the conditions for carbon-based life, leads us to estimate that perhaps one in 10000 stars might have a life-bearing planet orbiting. That means our nearest neighbours are perhaps 100 light years away, which is almost next door in astronomical terms.

 An alien civilisation could choose many different ways of sending information across the galaxy, but many of these either require too much energy, or lease are severely attenuated while travelling the vast distances across the galaxy, it turns out that, for a given amount of transmitted distance, radio waves in the frequency range 1000 to 3000 MHz travel the greatest distance and so all searches to date have been concentrated on looking for radio waves in this frequency range. So far there have been a number of searches by various groups around the world, including Australian searches using the radio telescope at Parkes, New South Wales. Until now there has not been any detection from the few hundred stars which have been searched. The scale of the searches has been increased dramatically since 1992, when the US Congress voted NASA $10 million per year for ten years to conduct a thorough search for extra-terrestrial life. Much of the money in this project is being spent on developing the special hardware needed to search many frequencies at once. This project has two parts. One part is targeted search using the world’s largest radio telescopes, the American-operated telescope in Arecibo, Puerto Rico and the French telescope in Nancy in France. This part of the project is searching the nearest 1000 likely stars with high sensitivity for signals in the frequency range 1000 to 3000 MHz . The other part of the project is an undirected search which is monitoring all of space with a lower sensitivity, using the smaller antennas of NASA’s Deep Space Network.

 There is considerable debate over how we should react, if we detect a signal from an alien civilisation. Everybody agrees that we should not reply immediately. Quite apart from the impracticality of sending a reply over such large distances at short notice, it raises a host of ethical questions that would have to be addressed by the global community before any reply could be sent. Would the human race face the culture shock if faced with a superior and much older civilisation? Luckily, there is no urgency about this. The stars being searched are hundreds of light years away, so it takes hundreds of years for their signal to reach us, and a further few hundred years for our reply to reach them. It is not important then, if there’s a delay of a few years, or decades, while the human race debates the question of whether to reply, and perhaps carefully drafts a reply.

WWW – What we want?


 Rex’s story is a reminder to keep searching until you find what you are looking for. Rex found his paradise in the most unlikely to places. Greece has a reputation for attracting hoards of package-holiday goers. It is a place where beaches are overflowing with deckchairs and sunbeds and the stench of commercialism from June to September each year. But, as Rex found out, for the rest of the year it transforms into something magical, or, at least, a small part of it; a quiet peaceful, little gem of an island on the shores of the Ionian Sea, does. Keep searching!

 

These days, it has almost become cliche; the notion of travelling on a shoestring is far too common for the liking of the free spirited hippie-types who started the craze off. And, besides, with the cost of travel having plummeted in recent years, it is no longer entails enduring the kinds of hardships experienced by the budget travelers of the yesteryear. And, in some ways, this has taken the enjoyment out of the experience of ‘roughing it” as you travel around the world in search of new and unique experiences. Why? Because there aren’t those many new and unique experiences left. Once everyone started doing it, this whole globe-trotting idea started to look a lot less attractive. It was supposed to be for a select few adventures daring enough to take the dusty roads less trodden. But those roads are now crowded highways of overexcited youths trying desperately to make their holiday adventures special. There is something very artificial about the whole experience. Part of the reason people used to go backpacking to the ends of the earth was to, well, escape the maddening crowd, not join it. Is there nowhere that is safe anymore? Is there no escape from the masses?

 Rex, 25, from Kensington, dropped out of Engineering in his second year at Oxford to travel the world. An idealist and romantic, Rex had become disillusioned with life in the big smoke, having lived in London for most of his 25 years, and decided it was time to branch out. His parents were understandably distraught to learn of his decision to quit university, but they gave him their full support once it was clear this was the only thing that would make him happy. So Rex started down the by now well-documented road to Asia and the Far East. At first brimming with enthusiasm, his passion for the journey soon dried up when Rex realised things were not exactly as he had imagined they would be. No matter where he went, a dedicated army of foreigners like himself would follow; there was no escaping them, and so, Rex left, the experience of local culture was very artificial; almost deliberately extreme to impress the eager eyes of his mainly American travel buddies.

  Having almost given up on ever finding the authentic experience, Rex prepared to come home. You can hear it from the horse’s mouth from here: ‘I got this deal with a stopover in Greece on route back to London, so I figured I might as well spend a few days there if for no other reason than to avoid having to face the music from my parents when I arrived home. I’d heard the lonian islands were nice, but horribly overcrowded. Still I thought: ‘what’s the point fighting it? Everywhere’s crowded.’So, a couple of days later, I found myself in Corfu on a beautiful spring day in March. It was 25 degrees outside; the sky was clear and the sea a picture-postcard turquoise. Surprisingly, there weren’t that many tourists on the island either. Suddenly my spirits got high. That first evening, I dined in the old town on some exquisite local fare at a small, family-owned taverna where the owner – a chubby, middle-aged man of very good nature – proceeded to introduce me (his only customer) to the rest of his family one-by-one, then sat down and chatted by my side in his broken English for the rest of the night.’

‘I told him where I was going next and the man’s eyes beamed. Kefalonia, he explained, was where he had grown up. Indeed, his village was only a mile or two from the hostel where I would be staying. It was settled then; I would stay with his brother Nikos, who would give me a ‘royal’ tour of the island, instead. Nikos, it turned out, was every bit as helpful as his older brother, and, somehow, by accident, I found myself spending the next two months in the company of his family as they showed me from one part of Kelafornia to the next, exploring land and sea, caves and rivers, waterfalls and lakes, forests and mountains. This was real; Nikos was real; his wife and children were real; their hospitality was real and Kefalonia was real. The turtles I swam with were real; It was just me and Nikos’ daughter Eliza who’d chanced upon them by accident in the fishing boat. There were no crowds to spoil this moment; everything was real. One evening, as I sat looking out onto the sunset, totally relaxed and at home on my little island paradise, a bus came bumping up the uneven road that lead to the beach; Then, within minutes, there were 20 or 30 bodies on my beach; throwing balls, kicking sand, drinking beer, lighting fires …’Summer has arrived’, I thought. And with it, I made a hasty retreat back of London. It occurred to me then, that, even in the most commercialised of tourist destinations like the Greek Islands, if you know what to look for, where to look and, more importantly, when, you can still find paradise, if only for a few moments.’

 

Lord Hanumaan


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विभीषणकृतं हनुमत्स्तोत्रम्
श्रीसुदर्शनसंहिता में भक्त प्रवर विभीषण महात्मा गरुड़ को श्रीमारुति की महिमा सुनाते हुए कहते हैं कि सर्व प्रकार के भय, बाधा, संताप तथा दुष्ट गृहजन्य समस्त संकटों का उन्मूलन करने वाला श्री हनुमान जी का यह स्तोत्र है। कल्याणकांक्षी मनुष्य यदि नित्य प्रति इसका पाठ करता है तो वह सर्वबाधाजन्य संकटों से मुक्त हो मारुति की कृपा से सुख, शान्ति एवं समृद्धि को प्राप्त करता है। स्तोत्र इस प्रकार है –
नमो हनुमते तुभ्यं नमो मारुतसूनवे।
नम: श्रीरामभक्ताय श्यामास्याय च ते नम:।। 1।।
नमो वानरवीराय सुग्रीवसख्यकारिणे।
लंकाविदाहनार्थय हेलासागरतारिणे।। 2।।
सीताशोकविनाशाय राममुद्राधराय च।
रावणान्तकुलच्छेदकारिणे ते नमो नम:।। 3।।
मेघनादमखध्वंसकारिणे ते नमो नम:।
अशोकवनविध्वंसकारिणे भयहारिणे।। 4।।
वायुपुत्राय वीराय आकाशोदरगामिने।
वनपालशिरश्छेदलंकाप्रासादभज्जिने।। 5।।
ज्वल्तकनकवर्णाय दीर्घलाङ्गूलधारिणे।
सौमित्रिजयदात्रे च रामदूताय ते नम:।। 6।।
अक्षस्य वधकत्र्रे च बह्मपाशनिवारिणे।
लक्ष्मणांगमहाशक्तिघातक्षतविनाशिने।। 7।।
रक्षोघ्नाय निपुघ्नाय भूतघ्नाय च ते नम:।
ऋक्षवानरवीरौघप्राणदाय नमो नम:।। 8।।
परसैन्यबलध्नाय शस्त्रास्त्रघ्नाय ते मन:।
विषध्नाय द्विषघ्नाय ज्वरघ्नाय च ते नम:।। 9।।
महाभयरिपुघ्नाय भक्तत्राणैककारिणे।
परप्रेरितमन्त्राणां यन्त्राणां स्तम्भकारिणी।। 10।।
पय:पाषाणतरणकारणाय नमो नम:।
बालार्कमण्डलग्रासकारिणे भवतारिणे।। 11।।
नखायुधाय भीमाय दन्तायुधधराय च।
रिपुमायाविनाशाय रामाज्ञालोकरक्षिणे।। 12।।
प्रतिग्रामस्थितायाथ रक्षोभूतवधार्थिने।
करालशैलशस्त्राय दु्रमशस्त्राय ते नम:।। 13।।
बालैकब्रह्मचर्याय रुद्रमूर्तिधराय च।
विहंगमाय सर्वाय वज्रदेहाय ते नम:।। 14।।
कौपीनवाससे तुभ्यं रामभक्तिरताय च।
दक्षिणाशाभास्कराय शतचन्द्रोदयात्मने।। 15।।
कृत्याक्षतव्याथाघ्नाय सर्वक्लेशहराय च।
स्वाम्याज्ञापार्थसंग्रामसंख्ये संजयधारिणे।।16।।
भक्तान्तदिव्यवादेषु संग्रामे जयदायिने।
किल्किलाबुबुकोच्चारघोरशब्दकराय च।।17।।
सर्पाग्निव्याधिसंत्तम्भकारिणी वनचारिणे।
सदा वनफलाहारसंतृप्ताय विशेषत:।।18।।
महार्णवशिलाबद्धसेतुबन्धाय ते नम:।
वादे विवादे संग्रामे भये घोरे महावने।।19।।
सिंहव्याघ्रादिचौरेभ्य: स्तोत्रपाठाद् भयं न हिं
दिव्ये भूतभये व्याधौ विषे स्थावरजंगमे।।20।।
राजशस्त्रभये चोग्रे तथा ग्रहभयेषु च।
जले सर्वे महावृष्टौ दुर्भिक्षे प्राणसम्प्लवे।।21।।
पठेत् स्तोत्रं प्रमुच्यते भयेभ्य: सर्वतो नर:।
तस्य क्वापि भयं नास्ति हनुमत्स्तवपाठत:।।22।।
सर्वदा वै त्रिकालं च पठनीयमिमं स्तवम्।
सर्वान् कामानवाप्नोति नात्र कार्या विचारणा।। 23।।
विभषणकृतं स्तोत्रं ताक्ष्र्येण समुदीरितम्।
ये पठिष्यन्ति भक्त्या वै सिद्धयस्तत्करे स्थिता:।। 24।।
इति श्रीसुदर्शनसंहितायां विभीषणगरुडसंवादे विभषणकृतं हनुमत्स्तोत्रं सम्पूर्णम्।

How to get full petrol from petrol pump


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पेट्रोल पंप वाले हमें कैसे धोखा देते है….
– हर पेट्रोल पंप में पेट्रोल के लिए १ लीटर २ लीटर के नाप होते है सो वो एक लीटर २ लीटर में चोरी नहीं कर सकते इसलिए वो सेटिंग करते है 100 रुपये में 200 रुपये में 500 रुपये में जिस से उनकी चोरी कभी पकड़ में नहीं आति क्यों कि 100 रुपये का पेट्रोल हम कभी नाप नहीं कर सकते इसलिए वो कम पेट्रोल का सेटिंग हमेशा 100 200 300 500 1000 में ही करते है
– आपसे निवेदन है के जब भी आप पेट्रोल भरवाओ आप 105 रुपये 205 रुपये या एक लीटर 233 रुपये ऎसे ऑड फिगर में भरवाओ तो आपको कभी भी कम पेट्रोल नहीं मिलेगा.
– कर के देखिए आपका फायदा अवश्य होगा.
– ये सुझाव जनहित में है सो अधिक से अधिक शेयर करना न भूले.

A Story


well.previewएक बार एक राजा के राज्य में महामारी फैल गयी। चारो ओर लोग मरने लगे। राजा ने इसे रोकने के लिये बहुत सारे उपाय करवाये मगर कुछ असर न हुआ और लोग मरते रहे। दुखी राजा ईश्वर से प्रार्थना करने लगा। तभी अचानक आकाशवाणी हुई। आसमान से आवाज़ आयी कि हे राजा तुम्हारी राजधानी के बीचो बीच जो पुराना सूखा कुंआ है अगर अमावस्या की रात को राज्य के प्रत्येक घर से एक – एक बाल्टी दूध उस कुएं में डाला जाये तो अगली ही सुबह ये महामारी समाप्त हो जायेगी और लोगों का मरना बन्द हो जायेगा। राजा ने तुरन्त ही पूरे राज्य में यह घोषणा करवा दी कि महामारी से बचने के लिए अमावस्या की रात को हर घर से कुएं में एक-एक बाल्टी दूध डाला जाना अनिवार्य है ।

अमावस्या की रात जब लोगों को कुएं में दूध डालना था उसी रात राज्य में रहने वाली एक चालाक एवं कंजूस बुढ़िया ने सोंचा कि सारे लोग तो कुंए में दूध डालेंगे अगर मै अकेली एक बाल्टी पानी डाल दूं तो किसी को क्या पता चलेगा। इसी विचार से उस कंजूस बुढ़िया ने रात में चुपचाप एक बाल्टी पानी कुंए में डाल दिया। अगले दिन जब सुबह हुई तो लोग वैसे ही मर रहे थे। कुछ भी नहीं बदला था क्योंकि महामारी समाप्त नहीं हुयी थी। राजा ने जब कुंए के पास जाकर इसका कारण जानना चाहा तो उसने देखा कि सारा कुंआ पानी से भरा हुआ है। दूध की एक बूंद भी वहां नहीं थी। राजा समझ गया कि इसी कारण से महामारी दूर नहीं हुई और लोग अभी भी मर रहे हैं।

दरअसल ऐसा इसलिये हुआ क्योंकि जो विचार उस बुढ़िया के मन में आया था वही विचार पूरे राज्य के लोगों के मन में आ गया और किसी ने भी कुंए में दूध नहीं डाला।

मित्रों , जैसा इस कहानी में हुआ वैसा ही हमारे जीवन में भी होता है। जब भी कोई ऐसा काम आता है जिसे बहुत सारे लोगों को मिल कर करना होता है तो अक्सर हम अपनी जिम्मेदारियों से यह सोच कर पीछे हट जाते हैं कि कोई न कोई तो कर ही देगा और हमारी इसी सोच की वजह से स्थितियां वैसी की वैसी बनी रहती हैं। अगर हम दूसरों की परवाह किये बिना अपने हिस्से की जिम्मेदारी निभाने लग जायें तो पूरे देश मेंबर ऐसा बदलाव ला सकते हैं जिसकी आज हमें ज़रूरत है।

What is Venus?


ven

 

——-शुक्र शांति के उपाय —–

“यत्र पूज्यन्ते नारी ,तत्र रमन्ते देवता “”
अर्थात जहाँ नारी का सम्मान होता है,वहां देवता निवास करते हैं और नि:संदेह जहाँ देवता का निवास होगा वहां सुख और समृधि स्वत: चली आएगी !अत: जातक को चाहिए वह वृद्धाओं को संरक्षण प्रदान करें ,सोभाग्यवती स्त्रियों को उचित वस्त्राभूष्ण दान करें ,गरीब कन्याओं की शिक्षा और विवाह आदि का प्रबंध करें !स्वयं की पत्नी को सदा प्रसन्न रखें,बहिन,भांजी,बहू,बेटी,माता या माता के समान स्त्रियों के दुःख दूर करने का प्रयास करें या उनकी सहानुभूति अर्जित करने मात्र से शुक्र से प्राप्त रश्मियों की मात्रा में वृधि होती है और जातक को उसके शुभ फल प्राप्त होते है !
२:शुक्र ग्रह सोन्दर्य,नमी,खद्यान का भी कारक है,अत: जातक को चाहिए कि सार्वजनिक सेवा के रूप में प्याऊ ,जलाशय निर्माण या अन्य प्रकार की जल की सुचारू सर्वसुलभ व्यवस्था करने का यत्न करें और वृक्षा रोपण भी लाभकारी सिद्ध होता है !
विशेष——-
प्राय:बार बार सुना जाता है कि इस प्रकार के कार्यों को निरपेक्ष भाव से करने वाले महानुभावो को चल -अचल सम्पति में कमी के बजाय निरंतर वृधि होती जाती है और उसी अनुपात में उनकी ख्याति व् सुख साधनो में वृधि होती है !क्योंकि जिन पदार्थो का कारक है जातक का उनके प्रति सेवा और समर्पण का भाव शुक्र को अनुकूल बनाने में समर्थ होता है अत:यथा शक्ति उक्त उपाय करने चाहिए ! —-
जय श्री राम !

Narinder Modi – The Super Prime Minsiter of INDIA


Narendra-Modi

I dont say Modi is the best pm, but its the first time i watched PM’s speech other than that on 15th august

I dont say Modi is the best pm, but its the first time i know my country is safe

I dont say Modi is the best pm, but its the first time 20k indians gathered in for a politicians speech on a foreign land

I dont say Modi is the best pm, but its the first time every NRI is proud

I dont say Modi is the best pm, but its the first time 80 countries are listening to indian pm

I dont say Modi is the best pm, but its the first time when pakistan is totaly screwd up and china is scared

I dont say Modi is the best pm, but its the first time USA knows it not the soul power

I dont say Modi is the best pm, but its the first time Obama realised, he is not the most famous politician

I dont say Modi is the best pm, but its the first time INDIA seems a superpower

I dont say Modi is the best pm, but its the first time The World Knows WHY WE ARE THE WORLDS LARGEST DEMOCRACY

I dont say Modi is the best pm, but its the first time i know I AM A PROUD INDIAN !!!

Joke of the day


jokeएक औरत सड़क पर गोद में अपने बच्चे को लेकर रोए जा रही थी, तभी वहां से संता गुज़र रहा था। संता ने उसके रोने का कारण पूछा। औरत बोली, “बच्चा बहुत बीमार है और दवा के लिए पैसे नहीं हैं।” संता ने जेब से 1000 का नोट दिया और कहा कि जाओ जाकर दवाई ले आओ और बच्चे के लिए कुछ खाना और दूध भी ले लेना, बाकी जो बचे मुझे लाकर लौटा देना मैं यहीं खडा हूँ। थोड़ी देर बाद औरत आई और 800 रूपए लौटाती हुई बोली कि 100 रुपए डॉक्टर ने लिए, 60 रुपए का खाना और 40 रुपये का दूध आया है। संता बहुत खुश हुआ और सोचने लगा कि ‘नेकी कभी बेकार नहीं जाती। डाक्टर को फीस भी मिल गई, बच्चे को दवा, दूध और खाना भी मिल गया। . . . . . . . . और मेरा नकली नोट भी चल गया।

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